Using driving simulator as training tool to improve the hazard anticipation of novice drivers at traffic intersections
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Objectives: The novice drivers have a great inflated risk of crashing as their poor hazard anticipation ability in the complicated road environment. Our study aimed to train the subjects' hazard anticipation ability at the traffic intersections. Methods: Study using a PC-based driving simulator to assess and train the participants. Totally 13 novice drivers and 7 experienced drivers were participated in the study. In the assessment session, the subjects drove on the simulator through a series of traffic intersections so as to measure their original hazard anticipation skills at the intersections. The task in hazard anticipation training session was no different for the participants, still encountering various intersections. While in the training session, the scenarios consisted more hazard events at the intersection, which make the subjects learn actively from events and improve their hazard anticipation awareness and ability at the intersections. The parameters of measuring the hazard anticipation skills are vehicle controlling parameters and traffic hazard scanning. Results: Statistical analysis result indicated that the hazard anticipation skills of novice drivers increased statistically significantly, which indicated that the training did a positive effect in hazard anticipation skills at the intersection scenarios. Conclusion: Therefore, the driving simulator training intervention in our study did improve the novice drivers' hazard anticipation skills and response in traffic intersections.