Design and Retrofit Methodology for Building Structures with Supplemental Energy Dissipating Systems
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This report focuses on two fundamental issues related to the design of nonlinear viscous dampers for building structures: structural velocities and equivalent viscous damping. It begins with an overview of the capacity-demand spectral design approach and includes various steps involved in the pushover analysis to determine the structural capacity. An alternative elasto-plastic analysis approach is also introduced. Fundamental considerations for the design of supplemental damping systems are reviewed and the design formulations for a pseudo-actual velocity transformation are given following a discussion of the differences between the two quantities. The proposed equivalent linear damping for the nonlinear [viscous nature] devices based on the equivalent power consumption approach is presented. Finally, various phases involved in designing supplemental systems are given Design steps for 2 alternative device configurations are given. A retrofit design example of a 9-story flexible steel building is presented and the performance of the two alternative configurations is discussed. (Abstract adapted from text).