The Effects of Information and Communication Technology on Student Math Achievement: Path Analysis in Structural Equation Modeling
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This study examined the effect of ICT use at home on student math achievement with focused attention to female students in Korea and Shanghai-China. We applied path analysis in SEM to Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2012 to investigate the effects. Results showed ICT academic use has a positive effect on student math achievement. However, student use ICT for entertainment at home has a negative effect on student math achievement. Additionally, there is a gender gap of student math achievement that females have lower math achievement than males in Shanghai-China and Korea. Furthermore, females use ICT academic use more often than males who use ICT for academic purpose while females have less frequency of using ICT entertainment then males. The relationship between gender difference in math achievement and the effects on ICT have the same pattern in Shanghai-China and Korea. Results indicate students are recommended to use ICT academic at home more often while students should control the amount of time for ICT entertainment use at home.