The Mobile Mental Health Clinic Effects on Decreasing Emergency Room Visits for Mental Health Patients
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Problem: Patients’ who have barriers to attend outpatient mental health clinics such as often utilize emergency rooms inappropriately for routine health care. Objective: Evaluate if emergency room visits decrease after being admitted to the Mobile Mental Health Clinic. Literature review/theoretical framework: Limited research on mobile mental health clinic services in patients’ homes. Social Ecological Model will be used to guide development and evaluate health outcomes. Methods: Correlational retrospective design utilizing health care records. Sample of 20-30 patients. Descriptive data to describe the population. Paired T test and Person r will be used for statistical analysis. Results: ER visits decreased 45% after admission to the MMHC. Schizophrenia had the highest mental health diagnoses and substance abuse had a large percentage of closed cases. Conclusion: The MMHC does decrease ER visits in the patients who have barriers to attend traditional mental health clinics. This study shows that it is clinically significant decrease in ER visits to this vulnerable population who have barriers to treatment. Once the barriers have been eliminated, access is available, support is given, health is improved and is cost-effective.
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