Characteristics of Turbulent Boundary Layers Along a Hypersonic Vehicle
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The flight conditions of a hypersonic vehicle on an ascent trajectory are computed and Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) simulations of the turbulent boundary layers are performed across a Mach number range of 0.3 up to 16 using the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) software, VULCAN. The boundary conditions and leading edge geometry are varied from the simple case of adiabatic and sharp to cooled and blunted to reveal the physics of how these effects impact the results of flat plate boundary layer methods as applied to practical aerospace systems. The law of the wall, the Van Driest transformation, and a shear stress preserving transformation's ability to collapse boundary layer velocity profiles under the conditions of variable wall boundary condition and leading edge geometry is explored.