The Effect of Test Administration Modes in the Assessment of the Next Generation Science Standards
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The Performance Expectations described in the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) pose significant challenges for assessment design. Multiple models of assessments, including paper-and-pencil and hands-on based performance assessments, can be utilized to assess student competency while applying scientific and engineering practices, in the context of disciplinary core ideas and crosscutting concepts. However, the unique features of different assessments may lead to test mode effects. Accordingly, there is an urgent need for empirical studies on the comparability and score equivalency of these different test modes.