THE RISE OF A GENERATION INSPIRED BY PAN-AFRICANISM IN FRANCOPHONE SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA
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Black people around the world joined their forces to combat the systemic exploitation and the racialized system of oppression they were facing. In their attempt at unification, they created organizations that advocated for the fair treatment of their race and their self-determination. In different places, local, regional, and continental movements were established to carry on this struggle. The most prominent of those movements was the Pan-African movement that put an essential point to free Africa. However, decades after the independence of many countries in Africa, the masses have not seen the promise of a better life. To address the daily issues they are dealing with on the continent, a new generation of African civil society, grassroots movements, and activists is on the rise. This new trend can be seen in Francophone countries in West and Central Africa. This thesis looks into these movements and their recent achievements. It also discusses the sources of inspiration of these movements, which are grounded in the long history of black internationalism. The renewal of a continental liberation spirit, which is not embodied by an institution like the African Union or political parties, is carried on by young people. Youth movements like Urgences Panafricanistes, Y en a Marre and Le Balai Citoyen are now taking the lead and are becoming day after day the voices of this new Pan-Africanism and the struggle against imperialism and bad governance.