Preventing Suicide in Intellectually Disabled Adults Living In Group Homes
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Background and Significance: Suicide is one of three leading causes of death in the US and individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID) are at risk. However, suicide prevention can be complicated in ID populations living in group homes. Purpose and Objective: The purpose of the project was to identify the group home staff’s self-efficacy and educational needs related to suicide prevention in the ID group home population. Theoretical Framework: The Social Cognitive theory was used to underscore this study. This theory suggests that training can increase personal self-efficacy in relation to clinical issues. Project Methods and Design: Group home staff and on call nurses participated in a focus group designed to determine their self-efficacy and needs for suicide prevention in group homes. A thematic analysis was used to identify these needs for their clinical setting. Results: Six themes and six sub themes that affect suicide prevention in group homes were identified. The main theme was “What do I do?” The others that followed were suicide education, lethality knowledge, lethality assessment, lethality policy obstacles, and lethality policy amendment. onclusion Results were shared with management in order to influence change of the current policy to improve patient care. An updated protocol and short PowerPoint training were created and sent to management for review. Future Implications and Recommendations: Once the new protocol is in place, the training will be accessible to staff on the agency intranet. After implementation, a study can be done to test the efficacy of the protocol and training.
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