ADHD in the Workplace: Comparing Evaluations of Self Versus Evaluations by Others
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Social, academic, and occupational impairments are just a few of the many challenges that are experienced by individuals with ADHD. Among children with ADHD, there is evidence of a clear bias by which children report that their performance in a given domain (e.g., academic or social) is better than what objective measures or ratings show. This concept, known as the positive illusory bias, is prominent in the childhood ADHD literature, but it is less clear whether such a bias persists into adulthood. As such, a sample of young adults (age 18-25) with and without ADHD were compared within the context of an occupational laboratory setting. Ratings of self versus ratings by others were compared across groups. Results suggest that individuals with ADHD are more discrepant in their ratings of their own impairment when compared to ratings of a collateral, when compared to individuals without ADHD. Implications for these findings are discussed.