An Educational Intervention: Increasing Knowledge Regarding the Influenza Vaccine to Improve Nursing Vaccination Rates
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Background and significance: Seasonal influenza threatens the health of individuals worldwide. One effective way to prevent this burden is to ensure healthcare personnel (HCP) comply with the annual influenza vaccines. One major factor that may influence influenza vaccine compliance amongst HCP is lack of certainty over the vaccine's efficacy and/or a lack of information (Carter, & Yentis, 2018). Purpose and objectives: The purpose of this project, is to create an educational pamphlet that educates HCP regarding the influenza vaccine in hopes of improving the vaccination rate. The pamphlet includes the following information: myths and facts, background information on the influenza vaccine, statistics, barriers preventing nursing staff from getting the influenza vaccine, and details on how nursing personnel are susceptible to influenza and the consequences it may present to patients, family, friends, and colleagues. Theoretical framework: The Health Belief Model (HBM) was utilized for this project. Methods and design: A literature review was conducted to determine common barriers and misconceptions that may prevent nursing staff from getting the influenza vaccine. Conclusion: The pamphlet served as a convenient way to increase the nurse’s knowledge on influenza and the influenza vaccine. Future implications and recommendations: Future research should focus on validating whether the educational pamphlet helped increase flu vaccine rates in nursing. Future research should also focus on barriers and misconceptions found in other disciplines.